Stress, Epigentics, and Alcoholism (2012)
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago discuss the complex interplay of stress levels and biological mechanisms in the development of alcoholism. For combating dangerous drinking habits in the high-stress college environment, this analysis can allow educators to create stategies addressing the root cause of the issue. Researchers Sachin Moonat, M.S., and Subhash C. Pandey, Ph.D., write that "stress and associated disorders, including anxiety, are key factors in the development of alcoholism because alcohol consumption can temporarily reduce the drinker's dysphoria." Read the full research review here.
The Burden of Alcohol Use: Excessive Alcohol Consumption and Related Consequences Among College Students (2013)
This research review by Aaron White, Ph.D., and Ralph Hingson, Sc.D., is a must read for students and any educator on substance abuse prevention. White and Hingson discuss the realities of drinking on our campuses, using a wealth of data to provide intriguing insights into the modern college atmosphere that our students face nationwide. "Data from the Harvard College Alcohol Study indicate that students who binge one or two times during a 2-week period are roughly three times as likely as non-binge drinkers to get behind in school work, do something regretful while drinking, experience a memory blackout, have unplanned sex, fail to use birth control during sex, damage property, get in trouble with the police, drive after drinking, or get injured." The full review is available here.
Alcohol Binge Drinking during Adolescence or Dependence During Adulthood Reduces Prefrontal Myelin in Male Rats (2014)
In this recent research, scientists found that both adolescent binge drinking and adult dependence can possibly have lasting negative effects on the mammalian brain. Cells that form a capsule around the axon of neurons, referred to collectively as a myelin shealth, are critical to the functionality of the nervous system and appear to be reduced in the prefrontal cortex by abuse. The full study can be found in the The Journal of Neuroscience here.